. this argument is actually coming at an incredibly rich time as we talk about civil liberties and the global war on terror and what national security means in light of civil liberties. is it the acla's position that dzhokhar tsarnaev should have had his miranda rights read to him. how confident are you that they will not invoke the enemy combatant rule in terms of denying him his constitutional rights. >> to be clear, the aclu is against having him declared an enemy combatant. but the miranda rule does allow a public safety exception and that is a very limited exception. it allows the police, law enforcement to ask about current and ongoing threats. it's limited both in what they can ask and in the amount of time. so that exception exists and you know, what we're making, what want to make sure is that the criminal justice system, which is both better at protecting his rights and better at actually convicting and coming to a, a fair conclusion to row resolve this issue is the best way to go about this. it's simply not appropriate or constitutional to treat american citizen as an enemy combatant.